The no-confidence motion against Imran Khan is a narrative of the “joint” efforts of the opposition in Pakistan, which, after many ups and downs, is now reaching its logical conclusion.
But this is not the first time that almost all the opposition political parties in the country have been working together to send an elected government home.
Even before this, in the political history of the country, there have been joint efforts to ‘remove’ the elected Prime Minister. This time around, however, the statement of being “neutral” is significant
But in Pakistan’s ‘special circumstances, these efforts have often been more or less backed by the occult powers behind the scenes.
And just as Imran Khan today is trying to find a sign of an external conspiracy against his government by quoting a ‘letter’, similar claims have been made in political history before.
Prime Minister Imran Khan has openly said that the current co-chairman of the PPP, Asif Ali Zardari, is the target of his gun and he will be his first target.
But it is a different matter that today the Pakistan People’s Party, which is especially at the forefront in overthrowing Imran Khan’s government, is also a ‘joint’ party for the government of its own founder Zulfiqar Ali Bhutto and for the overthrow of his government. Disagreement was the driving force behind the campaign.
Let’s take a look through the windows of the past and see what is the same and what is different from the allegations against the US and the Establishment in overthrowing the government of Zulfiqar Ali Bhutto and Imran Khan.
Zulfiqar Ali Bhutto Elected Prime Minister
When Bangladesh was formed on December 16, 1971, a special PIA flight was sent to New York City, USA.
So that Zulfiqar Ali Bhutto, who is fighting Pakistan’s case at the UN headquarters there, can be repatriated and the remaining, wounded and traumatized two of Pakistan’s top administrative positions can be appointed.
Zulfiqar Bhutto was simultaneously made President of the country and the first civilian Chief Martial Law Administrator
Finally, on August 14, 1973, it was Zulfiqar Ali Bhutto who won 108 seats in the 146-member assembly and was elected Prime Minister of the country.
Pakistan National Alliance (PNA) Movement
But Zulfiqar Ali Bhutto, who gave the country its first unanimous constitution of 1973 and ‘brought politics from the houses to the ground’, just like Imran Khan, only three and a half years later, the ‘joint’ opposition of a ‘united’ opposition. The confrontation took place in the form of the Pakistan National Alliance (PNA).
The movement against the elected Prime Minister Bhutto was organized by a coalition of nine different political parties of the country, commonly known as the ‘Nine Stars’.
In this alliance of PNA formed on January 5, 1977, Maulana Fazlur Rehman’s father Mufti Mahmood’s Jamiat Ulema-e-Islam, Abul Ali Maududi’s Jamiat-e-Islami, Maulana Shah Ahmad Noorani’s Jamiat Ulema-e-Pakistan, Akhtar Mengal’s father Ataullah Mengal Of Balochistan National Party, Abdul Qayyum Khan’s Muslim League (Qayyum), Pir Pagara and the current leader of Grand Democratic Alliance (GDA) Syed Sibghatullah Shah Pir Pagara’s father Shah Mardan Shah’s Muslim League (Functional), Nawabzada Nasrullah Khan The Pakistan Democratic Party and Asghar Khan’s Tehreek-e-Istiqlal.
Today, like-minded centrists, patriots, nationalists, democrats, and religious parties, despite all their ideological differences, are united under one flag in opposition to Imran Khan.
Similarly, the PNA was formed solely against Zulfiqar Ali Bhutto and all the parties seemed united on the same point that Zulfiqar Bhutto should be removed from power at any cost.
All the parties with every ideology against Imran Khan have united despite having different political goals and objectives.
In the same way, in this ‘national’ alliance of the PNA, each party was united under one flag despite having different and different political ideologies.
Religious Parties Dominate the PNA
The PNA included all these parties with different views and conflicting views, but the hard-line religious parties on the right always seemed to prevail over this alliance.
The green color of the PNA flag had deepened its perception of being strictly religious while the presence of nine stars on the flag had given it the public nickname of ‘Nine Stars’.
Giving the movement the name and slogan of the Nizam-e-Mustafa movement, the movement started appearing under the influence of the right-wing immediately after its formation.
This alliance of almost all opposition political parties is ostensibly liberal (left-leaning).
Zulfiqar Ali Bhutto was seen as an ideological opponent of the political horizon by raising the slogan ‘Islam is our religion, socialism is our economy and democracy is our politics.
As a political analogy, a conference of common Islamic countries can be said to have taken place under Imran Khan and Bhutto.
The meeting of the Foreign Ministers of the Organization of Islamic Countries (OIC) of 57 Islamic countries was held in Islamabad on March 22, 2022.
Similarly, on 22 February 1974, the OIC summit was held in Lahore when Zulfiqar Bhutto was the Prime Minister.
Analyzing the PNA movement against Zulfiqar Ali Bhutto says journalist Mazhar Abbas
By the time the 1974 Islamic Summit was held, Zulfiqar Ali Bhutto’s popularity was on the rise.
He also carried out this feat of the Islamic Summit by uniting the entire opposition.
Even before Zulfiqar Ali Bhutto became the Prime Minister, he had ample political experience in diplomacy, ministry, and presidency, high academic qualifications, intelligence, and tremendous ability to understand the public mood.
In that era of ideological politics, Zulfiqar Bhutto shone on the political horizon when the country was newly signed
A large number of the army had become prisoners of war by surrendering in newborn Bangladesh and it was Zulfiqar Bhutto who repatriated these 90,000 soldiers.
Despite the fiercest opposition, Zulfiqar Ali Bhutto first united the entire opposition on this national issue
Then, with the unanimous support of all the political forces, they went to India with the unanimous support of the Parliament and brought back their prisoners of war by concluding the Shimla Agreement.
The shock of disintegration of the country, the effects of the war, and the morale of the army on the grounds that the forces behind it were not as politically powerful and dominant as the establishment of today seem to be.
A review of the newspapers and media of the time shows that the PPP, after the enactment of the 1973 constitution, gradually made progress with the slogan of Islam and democracy but with the passage of time adopted the slogan of Islamic socialism and Under this, the process of nationalization also started and these private manufacturing companies started to be nationalized.
Mazhar Abbas says, “I have read in a book that the then Prime Minister of China Chun Enlai had also advised Zulfiqar Bhutto to refrain from hastily implementing the policy of nationalization.”
On the one hand, there were no competent people in the government at that time to carry out this process and on the other hand, in this effort, the industrial class of the country also turned against Bhutto.
“Although Bhutto was not a communist, there was an impression in some quarters that he was taking the path of communism.”
Different Views Were Allowed in 1970s Pakistan
But in 1970s Pakistan where enlightened and communist circles were also very strong political forces and educational institutions had student organizations like National Students Federation (NSF) and Islamic Jamiat students or trade unions in factories. Trade unions were a thorn in the side of enlightened communist (liberal) and radical (religious) circles in all walks of life.
In such a scenario, Zulfiqar Bhutto became increasingly popular due to his action-oriented initiatives like nationalization.
Mazhar Abbas said that Zulfiqar Bhutto did politics alone and on his own and that was the reason why Bhutto realized his popularity and this assessment was not wrong. And in view of this success and popularity, some of Zulfiqar Bhutto’s advisers advised him to hold early elections to become the next Prime Minister so that he could win re-election by a large majority and gain more power and political influence. At the same time, long-term power should be gained and Bhutto Sahib announced early elections on the basis of his popularity.
According to the information available in the newspapers, media, and the Internet at that time, Zulfiqar Ali Bhutto decided to hold the elections which were to be held in mid-1977, early, January 1977, so that the opposition could have decision-making, arrangements, and alliances. Couldn’t find more time to pair.
In such a scenario, the hard-line religious parties decided that it would be better for them all to come together than to face the PPP alone in the proposed elections. The hustle and bustle began.
If you are not Forgiven, it will not be Because you are Against Zulfiqar Bhutto
In order to counter the popularity of Zulfiqar Bhutto and his PPP, more or less nine different political parties, big and small, preferred to join PNA, a major anti-government political alliance, and all parties should unite under one flag. The spoils of war and the election symbol of Hall and the PNA gathered under the green flag and this scattered opposition gathered all its strength and stood in front of Zulfiqar Bhutto.
Mazhar Abbas says, “Qari Sher Afzal, one of the senior leaders of Jamiat Ulema-e-Islam (JUI), once told me (Mazhar Abbas) that when the PNA movement started organizing in 1977, the leadership of JUI I disagreed. Many hardline JUI-F leaders were of the view that the Nizam-e-Mustafa movement could not be launched against Zulfiqar Bhutto, who had declared Ahmadis constitutionally non-Muslim.
These leaders believed that Bhutto had done a service to the Islamic world in a way that had never been done before. The basis of the movement against Bhutto can be anything but the implementation of Nizam-e-Mustafa cannot be. Some hardline leaders even told Mufti Mahmood that if you people are not forgiven, it will not be because you want to launch the Nizam-e-Mustafa movement against Zulfiqar Bhutto.
Like Imran, there were voices of inflation against Bhutto