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Dealing with civil litigation? Here’s all you need to know

You may occasionally experience a problem that cannot be resolved by you. There isn’t always a choice other than going to lawyers in Calgary, even if no one likes to do it. Right legal advice can help you choose the best attorney to handle your case whether you want to sue someone over a civil matter or are the one being sued.

What is civil litigation?

If there is a disagreement between parties, including individuals, groups, and various entities, civil litigation may result. Civil law covers non-criminal situations. Civil cases typically end with some sort of monetary settlement. Civil litigation encompasses a wide range of claims, including those involving contracts and property, torts, actions against towns, employee repayment issues, special education, and more. By making attempts to resolve conflicts amicably, the civil litigation lawyer will maximize your recovery and minimize your costs. They will expertly navigate the judicial proceedings and work to secure a favorable outcome for you if a trial is necessary.

Steps of Civil Litigation

The investigation, pleadings, discovery, and trial are the typical phases of civil litigation. A party may also file an appeal to seek relief if they are unhappy with the final decision.


An investigation of pertinent case statistics is often the first stage in civil litigation situations. It’s occasionally important to conduct client interviews, gather and analyze relevant documents, track down witnesses, take witness statements, and other investigative procedures.

There are numerous uses for the research. It aids the civil litigation lawyer in determining whether the plaintiff has sufficient evidence to file a lawsuit or whether the defendant has sufficient proof to adequately defend a claim. Additionally, it makes it easier to gather evidence for the prosecution of the case. Your attorney will go into the specifics of the issue, get the facts you require, and begin assembling evidence for your case, perhaps with the assistance of a private investigator. 


In the majority of civil cases, a civil litigation lawyer will file a variety of pleadings and motions on behalf of his or her clients in order to advance or defend a legal action. A plaintiff’s lawyer will file a grievance to start the litigation. The complaint provides a thorough explanation of the plaintiff’s claims against the defendant as well as a description of the harm that the plaintiff says the defendant caused. Additionally, it lays out the plaintiff’s allegations’ legal underpinning. 

A defendant’s attorney would often prepare a response after researching the charges contained in the complaint. The solution outlines the claim made by the defendant. 


The civil litigation lawyer swap and processes case-related material during the discovery process. This information is utilized to identify strengths and flaws and to widen a trial approach. Along with interrogatories, depositions, requests for documents, and requests for admissions, attorneys may also utilize a variety of other methods to compile information from the opposing party. They may also retain a specialist to gather, organize, and evaluate tangible proof or to provide a scientific opinion. The experts offer written analyses that can be used as case evidence and occasionally testify during the trial. 


Bench trials and jury trials are both possible in civil cases. Every attorney presents their argument during opening statements before the trial officially begins. Following the opening remarks, the plaintiff presents evidence in support of their claim in the form of documents, exhibits, and testimony. The defendant then offers their evidence. The opposing attorney has the option to go have a look at each witness once they have been questioned. Sometimes the plaintiff responds to the defendant’s argument with rebuttal data. 

After all of the evidence has been produced, both attorneys make their closing arguments, and if the case is going to a jury, the court advises the jury on the law that should be applied to the facts presented. The jury deliberates and renders a decision in a jury trial. In a bench trial, the judge renders a verdict along with his or her findings.


If a party disagrees with the outcome of the case, they may file an appeal and ask the appellate court to review the trial court’s or jury’s verdict. By submitting pleadings and a record of evidence from the trial court docket, each birthday party presents their case to the appellate court panel. The decision will be verified if the appellate court does not find any errors in the trial court’s concerns. 

Common Civil Litigation Forms

Civil litigation is a broad category that encompasses many different types of criminal issues. Civil litigation includes situations like a landlord-tenant issue that is being litigated in court or a property dispute between friends. Other common varieties include:

  • Personal injury cases
  • Intellectual property disagreements
  • examples of medical malpractice
  • labor or employment disputes
  • Differences in education law
  • litigation related to divorce

All of those have one thing in common: there are no longer any criminal costs associated with them. They typically consist of money or property, however, that isn’t necessarily accurate. In some cases, the parties may also seriously require a move from a third party and require the courts’ assistance in putting it into effect. 

What Do Attorneys Do?

The role of the civil litigation lawyer is complex. The lawyer assists a client in determining during the preliminary hearing whether their case has merit or if they have the legal authority to defend themselves against charges leveled against them. If the case proceeds, the attorney begins the time-consuming process of gathering evidence and conducting witness interviews. The attorney also helps with documentation preparation, including the brief, complaint, or solution. Finally, the attorney presents the client in court, presenting evidence, cross-examining witnesses, and giving opening and closing arguments. 

Choosing competent lawyers in Calgary is crucial to building a solid case with convincing evidence and coming to a successful conclusion. 

What Canadian laws apply to civil litigation?

Every Canadian province may have its own set of rules of court that direct the court process at every level. The several subordinate courts and Courts of Appeal in each province are connected by the provincial statute. The Supreme Court Act, which established the Supreme Court of Canada, established its reputation as the best court in the country. 

Numerous other statutes may give some types of litigation a boost. The Fatal Accidents Act and the Survival of Accidents Act, for instance, define the types of claims that a person’s estate may make in the event of their passing. Each province may even have statutes that specify how cases should be handled on the various court levels, the subjects that particular court levels can hear, and the kind of awards that may be given.



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